White wall black tile, ink danqing!Watch and rehabilitation of huizhou ancient Dwellings

2022-05-28 0 By

In Yixian County, Anhui Province, lu Village, a thousand-year-old ancient village, ushered in the first dawn.With white walls and black tiles, eaves and warped angles, the dwellings are surrounded by high walls. The well-arranged horsehead walls outline the character of Huizhou architecture in the morning mist of distant mountains.Among the ancient houses crisscrossed by crisscrossed lanes and lanes, there is hidden a group of wood-carved buildings, which were built by Lu Shizu, the 33rd generation of Lu family, and Lu Bangxie, a merchant from Anhui Province, during the Reign of Daoguang in the Qing Dynasty. It is reputed as the “first wood-carved building” in China.The wooden building group consists of seven ancient dwellings. It looks like an ordinary family, but when entering the interior of the house, it is carved beams and huadong.The descendants of the wooden carving building, over 60 years old Lu Yuefei, is a local bamboo craftsman, living in the south of the wooden carving building group.A pair of stone pier, a longquan, is thought into the hall “a treasure”.Longquan, five meters deep, is hidden in the hall. The mouth of the well is as big as the mouth of a bowl. The water is clear and sweet.Lu yuefi proudly introduced that lu’s ancestors built this house on the edge of the longquan.Of all the ancient stone piers in Huizhou, yi County is the only one.Stone pier with bamboo slips as the shape, bamboo is high, the implication of high integrity, reading broken volumes.”Ganoderma lucidum is reiki, orchid is gentleman, education child reads well, grew up become useful.””Lu said.The wood carvings in the building are the comic books that children are immersed in and never tired of looking at, constructing the imagination of poetic China for the childhood of several generations of the family.The wood carving building group consists of a number of courtyards, each building as a whole.Hall in the middle, rooms on both sides, courtyard set each other, creating a deep self-sufficient family living space.The buildings are connected with each other through secret doors, alleys and corridors, which is not only convenient for living, but also conducive to the connection between family and relatives.In the early years, someone had come up with a huge sum of money to buy the wood carving building, were rejected by lu family.For them, the ancestral home is the legacy of their ancestors and the inheritance of the family spirit.The panels of the hall, the lotus hall around the courtyard, the beams and columns, the Windows and doors of the wing, and the sill are all decorated with wood carvings.From the romance of The Three Kingdoms to myths and legends, from historical stories to literary allusions, the knife with chisel, craft, hollowed-out levels up to more than ten layers, magpie on the countable feathers, the size of the smile on the face of the characters, are lifelike, vivid.According to legend, it took 20 craftsmen 14 years to complete all the carvings in the wood carving building.Wood carving building in the “100 children make yuanxiao” a total of 12 works, 100 figures, carving vivid, complex and exquisite, each is a hundred years of folk painting.The characters in the wood carving painting cover their ears and point firecrackers, vivid and vivid, lion lamp, phoenix lamp in the candles, there are meticulous tracing and carving, fine, subtle.Among them, the most classic is the scene of phoenix lantern dance.The traditional folk performance of “Pheasant Mountain phoenix Dance” is a unique intangible cultural heritage of Lu Village. Today, two hundred years later, the traditional folk customs carved in wood are still active in the local, together with those folklore, opera and allusion, become a living intangible cultural heritage.
 Wang Dehong, inheritor of huizhou wood carvings, a national intangible cultural heritage, spent five years to restore the yuanxiao festival.Influenced by wood carving culture since childhood, Wang Dehong picked up a carving knife at the age of 16 and began his carving life.As a matter of fact, his relationship with woodcarving buildings began as early as his childhood.”I grew up in Hongcun. When I was in primary school and junior middle school, I often went to play in ancient houses, and with my classmates, I went to play in the wooden carvings in Lu Village.”Exquisite wood carvings were hidden behind the furniture, Mr. Wang recalled.The children would lean on it and move the furniture together to see the complete wood carving.”These exquisite wood carvings have left a deep imprint on my mind.”Hui-style architecture adopts brick, wood and stone structure, wood carving, stone carving, brick carving, the achievement of “Huizhou three carvings”.The sculptors follow the carving techniques of the Han and Tang dynasties, and the whole building is exquisite, bearing the beauty of harmony of Confucian culture.No matter the family of the official or the merchant magnate of Anhui province, the family honor and hometown emotion are placed in the building itself.These wonderful wood carvings from 100 years ago are excellent research materials for today’s wood carvers.Wang Dehong knows every piece of wood carving in his heart.”The combination of architecture and landscape, like works under the pen of the Xin ‘an School of Painting.These symbols reflect the landscape and culture here, they are so exquisite, inadvertently into an old house, as if into a museum of the Ming and Qing dynasties.”At the end of tang Dynasty and the beginning of Liang Dynasty, lu’s ancestors settled here. They “built houses on the mountain and built villages near the water”, and integrated their dwelling place with nature by utilizing enclosed plains, flowing streams and rich mountain forest resources.High wall courtyard, horse head courtyard hidden in green mountains and clear water, architecture and nature into a splash-ink landscape painting scroll.
 Bishan village, 20 kilometers southwest of Lu Village, is an ancient village where the Wang family lived together for thousands of years.Bishan village has a total of 36 Wang ancestral halls.Huizhou ancestral temples, folk houses and memorial archways are called “the three wonders of Huizhou”.With a history of more than 200 years, Qitaitang is the smallest ancestral hall of the Wang family, and now it is the best-preserved ancient ancestral hall in the area.Seven years ago, Qitaitang was transformed into Bishan Bookstore, revitalized the once dilapidated ancient ancestral temple.Mr. Wang, who is in his 70s, is a native of Bishan, where he used to be village director and now works as an administrator at the bookstore.Seven years ago, Wang shouchang was involved in the renovation of Qitaitang when nanjing Avant-garde Bookstore was located in Bishan Village.”If an old house is not maintained or managed for a year or two, it rots quickly.”‘When it opened, hundreds of bats hung there like cattle pens,’ Mr. Wang recalled.”It is not easy to do so well now.”A hand-drawn map of Bishan by Wang Shouchang, and a compilation of Bishan Scenery tells the old stories and local customs of Bishan Village.Many tourists would come to Bishan village to clock in and ask Mr. Wang to sign and stamp on the map album as a souvenir.Ancestral hall was originally a public space for families to worship their ancestors and discuss internal affairs.Bishan Bookstore still continues the social function of ancestral temple, providing free reading for villagers.The endless stream of tourists and the old people sitting and reading books add new cultural footnotes to the public cultural space of Bishan.Bishan Book Store maximizes the original ancestral temple pattern.The courtyard is surrounded by four houses, and the rainwater on the slope of the roof flows in from all sides, implying that water gathers the heart of heaven. The layout of four rivers returning to the hall cuts out the charming canopy, which is the embodiment of the ancient thought of harmony between heaven and man.”In the Four rivers of Huizhou, water flows from four directions in the courtyard in the form of a funnel, big at the top and small at the bottom.”Wang Shouchang, Huizhou people regard water as wealth, wealth can not rush outward, to slowly detour out.Even if the rain is pouring, the outside ditch has been overflowing, the water in the courtyard is not overflowing.The courtyard in Hui-style architecture is designed with unique ventilation and lighting.In ancient times, Hui merchants paid attention to the dark room to make money, but the courtyard is transparent and bright, sunlight and rain into the room, so that the building becomes a “breathing house”.In Bishan village, there are more than 100 well-preserved ancient dwellings and ancestral halls of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, as well as the ruins of private gardens in the Song Dynasty and ancient towers in the Qing Dynasty.The Pigsty Bar Country Inn, which was rebuilt from a century-old huizhou folk house, is also a popular destination.The grafting of local culture and urban experience makes the old house quiet for a hundred years lively again.The villagers of Bishan Village also began to renovate the old houses of Kongguan, which accelerated the backflow of resources and changed the fate of the ancient buildings.Driven by foreign cultural resources, new rural construction practices have sprung up in this ancient village.Bishan village at the foot of The Yellow Mountain is not a tourist spot, but it has long been famous for attracting tourists, designers, artists and others.The old buildings that have survived the vicissitudes of time are continuing new stories on the land.Hundreds of years ago, the ancestors of Huizhou gathered here and lived together. Hundreds of ancient Huizhou villages are a dialogue between man and nature.The harmonious beauty of Confucian culture, the cultural foundation of rural China, continues here.(Look at Knews reporter: Wang Linlin, Camera: Cheng Kang, Li Xiangdang, Zhihui, intern Editor: Ni Junyi)