In the Battle of Mipu, flexible operational deployment and contingency in wartime are the key to our victory
“Sanpu Battle” refers to the battle initiated by the 35th Army of the eighth Corps of the Third Field Army of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, which liberated Jiangpu, Puzhen and Pukou belonging to Nanjing City. It is the prelude and an important part of the River-crossing Campaign.Although the battle was small in scale: more than 500 enemy fighters were killed and more than 1000 prisoners were captured, it was important that it cleared the outer barriers for the subsequent liberation of Nanjing.The key to our army’s success in the “Sampo Battle” lies in its flexible and thorough deployment before the war, and its adaptability during the actual battle.The following is to share with you the process and impact of this battle.oneThe background of the Battle of Miura is as follows:The kuomintang (KMT), has lost half of the north of the Yangtze river, however, Chiang kai-shek is still unwilling to fail, their side camouflage peace, a concentrated areas along the Yangtze river fortification, trying to stop me to push south of the people’s liberation army, with the communist party “cross river and rule”, keep the safe rule center in nanjing, in the history of the attempt to recreate the “northern and southern dynasties.As the “capital” of Nanjing, the Kuomintang military Institute of course attached great importance to its security and fortification, so it still invested a lot of capital to strengthen its defense in spite of its lack of troops and financial and material resources.The “Sampu” in the north of the river was a triangle area, and the Defense Department of the Kuomintang government in Nanjing took this area as the gate to defend Nanjing.The position here consists entirely of strongholds.The main fortifications are covered, the front of the position is dug with water filled trenches, barbed wire, buried mines and so on.In terms of troop mobilization before the Battle of Sanpu, the 28th Army, an elite unit of the Kuomintang in the late period of the Nanjing government, was used to defend the bridgehead position of Sanpu on the north bank of the Yangtze River.The commander in chief of the Nanjing garrison, Zhang Yaoming, boasted that “with a strong garrison of troops and effective fire support from superior naval and air forces, Nanjing will be able to turn the tide of crisis into safety” and finally “to launch a massive counterattack and annihilate the enemy”.In the face of such a tight enemy defense, the PLA created favorable conditions for capturing Nanking, made flexible and thorough operational arrangements, and made preparations to capture Sanpu through a brutal battle.Because of the peace talks between the Kuomintang and the Communist parties in Peiping, the military struggle of crossing the river must be closely coordinated with the political struggle of “peace negotiation”.In order to ensure that Nanjing, the ancient capital of the six Dynasties, would not be seriously damaged, the Central Military Commission made it clear that nanjing should not be bombed as far as possible. As for whether to attack Pukou, it would depend on the specific situation of our negotiations with the Kuomintang. If the negotiations were settled smoothly, pukou would not be attacked.If the situation does not go smoothly, military pressure must be applied and Pukou should be captured in time.The time of attack “should be on the day when the Nanking representatives arrived in Peiping, or on the day after the Nanking representatives arrived in Peiping, not earlier.Whether to attack Nanking after the capture of Pukou and Puzhen depends on how the negotiations go.”For this reason, the operational plan of the “Sampo Battle” was changed several times.On February 25, 1949, in accordance with the instructions of the Central Military Commission and in order to facilitate negotiations in favor of the people, the Third Field Army was ordered to draw up an operational plan of “capturing Pukou and shelling Nanjing”.The plan was to attack Jiangpu and Pukou and bombard Nanjing before the battle of crossing the River, and at the same time to create conditions for the next step to occupy Nanjing by decisive means.Until March 27, the Central Military Commission after careful consideration, and decided to cancel the “capture pukou, shelling Nanjing” plan, in order to strengthen the battle across the River east group of attacking forces, the 25th Army to the west to participate in the 9th Corps to break through the river defense operations, leaving the 35th Army in the north of Nanjing as a feint mission.And the main attack of Nanjing, from zhenjiang east of the eighth corps crossing the river, wuhu west of the ninth Corps crossing the river as the use of Nanjing in the Yangtze River bend in the geographical environment, the implementation of a pincer attack to the south of Nanjing, surrounded Nanjing, in order to strengthen its attacking squad.Celebrate the liberation of nanjing, citizens in nanjing xinjiekou held a rally on the things of the two line our poured across the river at the same time, in order to timely and nanjing, to protect the ancient city of liberation, the central military commission immediately changed temporarily no attack two pu ‘plan, wild department immediately command the seventh regiment to 35 army (administer the bound three division, all four divisions, all five) to the offense, “miura”To clear jiangbei bridgehead, straight to Nanjing.twoWin in the campaign process, random strain received me 35 forces operational command of the central military commission, quickly launched a “miura battle”, in accordance with the “first from the right wing had jiangpu, taking pu town, from the front to pukou, and strive for the opportunity of the dragon” the operational policy, following the first dozen jiangpu, da pu town again, finally solve the operational sequence of pukou,The 103rd, 104th, and 105th divisions under its command were carefully arranged in order to make the enemy of Miura isolated and surrounded by us.At 18 o ‘clock on April 20, the battle to liberate Jiangpu county began first.I originally selected the 307th regiment northwest of the city as the main direction of attack, but the city of the enemy desperate resistance, fighting extremely fierce.Our troops repeatedly assault, blasting, failed to break the walls.Accordingly, the 307th regiment changed its direction of attack and concentrated its artillery on destroying the enemy’s fortifications in the northeast corner.It was reported that Jiangpu was captured. It was a wooded area with simple walls and weak enemy fire.Our shells rained down on the walls, and the fire of our light and heavy machine guns was suppressed.With my second battalion soldiers breakthrough success, our army occupied the northeast corner of the wall, after bloody fighting, consolidated the breakthrough.At dawn on the 21st, our troops annihilated the defenders and liberated jiangpu county.The conquest of jiangpu county made the enemy of Puzhen surrounded on three sides by our army.On the night of June 20, the battle was also raging in pojin.Our troops first engaged in a fierce battle on the hills to the west and north of Puzhen.Our troops made many charges, but the enemy held back with strong concrete fortifications.During the day of The 21st, the Korean army decided to rearrange its forces to threaten the enemy’s flank from the left wing with a part of its forces, and to launch a fierce attack from the main position directly facing the enemy.After fighting all night, our troops conquered the enemy’s main strongholds in the north of Puzhen, Namely Dadingshan, Erdingshan and Sandingshan.The military headquarters of the kuomintang’s 28th Army, located at the former site of pukou Rotary Primary School, was in chaos.In order to avoid being wiped out, the defenders hurriedly retreated to the South.On the morning of the 22nd, Pu Town was liberated.Then our divisions quickly marched to Pukou.On The 22nd, the 28th Army of the Kuomintang withdrew back to Nanjing when they saw that our army was approaching Pukou.On the morning of the 23rd, the divisions of the 35th Army successively arrived at Pukou.The liberation of Jiangpu, Puzhen and Pukou opened the north gate of Nanjing, and the urban area of Nanjing was under direct attack by our army.The “Battle of Sampo” was thus the final victory of our army in the war of improvisation.In short, the key to the victory of our army in the “Sampu Battle” lies in the flexible and thorough combat deployment before the war. In order to cope with the changes in the negotiation situation between the enemy and us at that time, and to ensure the safety of the people and property in Nanjing, the ancient capital of six dynasties, we carefully considered various schemes to achieve the ideal effect.Moreover, in actual combat, our army can adapt to the situation according to the characteristics of the enemy’s deployment, so as to avoid its sharp edge and attack the enemy’s weak links, so as to ensure the ultimate victory in the war.The resourceful and brave fighting spirit of the revolutionary forefathers is worth learning and inheriting, and their heroic spirit of courage and sacrifice is worth our admiration.Nanjing from all walks of life in front of the presidential palace to celebrate the liberation of this article by the “old Wu Kan Guoxu today with” original, welcome to pay attention to, common learning, common improvement!